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No 5
Vol. 5 No. 0
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The purpose of this paper is to present a methodological exploration of the process of analyzing educational concepts in philosophy of education with an Islamic approach based on the theory of conventional perceptions of M.H. Tabatabaie. The findings show firstly that educational concepts have these characteristics: 1. Conventional and normative, and therefore the impossibility of connecting them to facts and the truth 2. Not having a productive relationship with the obvious and theoretical theorems. 3. The possibility of change. 4- The possibility of the psychological connection of these types of concepts with the set of facts and needs of human existence. Therefore, it is necessary for educators to integrate these realities and existential needs in the process of analyzing educational concepts. Secondly, the most important criteria for accreditation of such concepts are: 1- Validity of values and supporting propositions, 2- Efficiency (in meeting the needs of human beings), and 3- Compatibility with other social values
sara hanifehzadeh - alireza sadeghzdeh - ahad faramarz gharamaleki - Mohsen Imani Naeini
Keywords : Educational Concepts, Conceptual Analysis Process, Methodology, Islamic Approach, Tabatabaie, Theory of Conventional perceptions ، ،
The purpose of this research is to formulate a preventive model of the utilitarian moral education with emphasis on undesirable conducts in Mill’s viewpoint. The method used is the “descriptive-analytical” method. Undesirable conducts include wrong conducts (violating rights and comfort of others), and unpleasant conducts, the existence of which can be explained with fails in duties. The goal of moral education is happiness, and moral education includes dimensions of prevention and punishment. Punishments appear in the following forms: reprobation for violating the rights and disturbing the comfort, and losing the positive attention of others because of the behaviors lacking personal dignity. By prevention, we mean primary prevention that is governed by the principles of justice and contemplation. The governance of justice is related to the conducts violating the rights, but governance of the principle of contemplation is in preventing wrong conducts, and in meanings of “care of soul” and care of reasons. In unpleasant conducts, the ruling principle is the contemplation with aforementioned meanings. These findings support Mill’s belief that "the main foundations of moral life in the new age are justice and contemplation." Prevention strategies referring to the two types of undesirable conducts are strengthening conscience and giving insights. The linkage of strategies to principles is presented in the preventive model. According to the findings on prevention, considering reasonable punishment for wrong conducts and paying attention to justice and contemplation in explaining undesirable conducts is a positive aspect of Mill's perspectiv. However, his views on unpleasant conducts have been criticized, because interventions and punishments considered for these conducts lack the necessary performance for guaranteeing the prevention of self-harm and reforming the holders of unpleasant conducts. Also his opinion about people's owing to one another lacks the strong executive support for action in relation to the holders of these conducts. Removing these weaknesses requires a revision of Mill's harm principle and correcting and reconsructing some of his beliefs.
shahnaz shahriari neisiani - Reza Ali Nowrozi - Mohammad Meshkat
Keywords : Mill, Utilitarian Ethics, Undesirable Conducts, Moral Education, Preventive Model
This article is a comparative study between foundations, goals, and methodology of critical thinking in social philosophy of Horkheimer and “Philosophy for children”(P4C) program, and criticizing them. In order to realize this goal 3 questions are investigated on 3 aspects of foundations, aims and methods; and their relationship is studied. The result shows some similarities and differences between them. Similarities in foundations like being affected by Socrates, emphasize on thinking position in philosophy more than metaphysical subjects. About similarities in aims intellectual growth and to create better life is common in two approaches but the meaning of better life for them is different; for Horkheimer it means creating happiness for more people but in P4C program it means living in a democratic society with responsible and thoughtful citizens. Differences like adopting with social circumstances and the place of knowledge in social critic are mentioned. In methodology the main difference is to present certain and definable method for improving critical thinking in p4c but Horkheimer argue that critical thinking is a continuous process, so he doesn’t present a definite method only speaks of negative critique. The result of this study can be used for other researchers in philosophy and philosophy of education and other educational fields, curricula developer in educational systems, especially in developing an educational model for educating critical thinking.
- - yahya ghaedy
Keywords : Critical Theory, Philosophy for Children, Critical thinking, Rationality, Reasoning, Interaction
The goal of this research is investigate the position of MOOCs in breeding students' moral responsibility with an emphasis on actor- network theory. The present research is philosophical and conceptual and linguistic analysis and transgressive logical analysis. Documents analyzed included views of experts, books, background studies and related research in the field. Findings of the research showed; based on the theory of actor- network and the simultaneous function of man and technology and their interactions between each other, MOOCs is not a neutral tool and can has a dual position is constructive and unconstructive in breeding students' moral responsibility. On the one hand, through changing the role of the teacher and the student, the application of interactive approaches in teaching, the development of specific competencies and the development of educational justice have provided a basis for breeding responsibility. On the contrary, due to the non-presence, unconditional acceptance of all applicants, crowded classrooms, the existence of false identities and the possibility of unknowing learners have reduced student responsibility. Based on the theory of actor network and the intermediate, symmetric and network look at humans and artifacts, it can be concluded the technology of MOOCs through changing the nature, interests and intentions of the actors provides background for training their moral responsibility or irresponsible. But this lackage can be filled by interacting with the learning environment and using more than multimedia technologies.
- saeed zarghami hamrah
Keywords : Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), Moral responsibility, Actor-network theory, Higher education
The purpose of this study is to investigate and compare the literary backgrounds of the formation of Paideia in ancient Greece and the implications of doctrinal and educational teachings in the ancient Persia. The main sources are Iliad, Odyssey and Shahname which are studied by the method of analysis (conceptual, documentary, and comparative). At first, the concepts, backgrounds, types and fields of the formation of Paideia in Greece and educational teachings in Persia were examined in terms of physical, artistic, moral, and intellectual dimensions. Then, commonalities and differences between them were extracted. In terms of commonalities, the epic aspects overcome other literary genres. As well, in both cultures, allegory was used in education. In the physical dimension, in the literature of the both cultures, a transcendent human was conceived in terms of a healthy body and a pure spirit. In the moral dimension, humane teachings and examples of chivalry and high ethics were introduced through the stories and epic poems. In the intellectual dimension of the ancient Persia, wisdom was given great importance. In the Greek literature too, the topic of rationality and its ramifications were at issue. This rationality is expressed in terms of the cultural and educational contexts of the two nations, as in Shahnameh, the most significant signs of wisdom are brief and meaningful talk. In the Greek Paideia, the effects of this wisdom are expressed in philosophy. Integrating wisdom and tolerance with people, valuable work, justice, the balance in behavior and life through wisdom are of common aspects in the both cultures. In terms of difference, in the Greek literature, components are more detailed and more functional, and myths are more individualized, while in Persia there were more general teachings and collective myths. In the artistic aspect, we see wider concepts in Persian literature compared to the Greek culture.
mohammadhassan mirzamohammadi - faride davoudy
Keywords : Paideia, education, doctrinal teachings, ancient Greece, ancient Persia, Iliad, Odyssey, Shahname, comparison

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