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No 5
Vol. 5 No. 5
2020
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The aim of this study is to review the critical themes on Hegelian education based on the concept of education in Hegelian Phenomenology. For this purpose, this research has reviewed the critiques of Hegelian education by Conceptual Analysis method. "Normative education with emphasis on both teaching and learning poles" and "Rejecting the absolute freedom in education", are among the strengths reviewed. Education in Hegel's Phenomenology is based on the interaction of two poles of teaching and learning in order to achieve the desirable educational aims. Therefore the absolute/ negative freedom of individuals for respect to norms and educational values gives its place to positive freedom. "Totalitarianism in education" and "Ambiguity on freedom in childhood education", are two weaknesses in Hegel's education that have critically been reviewed. With this interpretation that totalitarianism in education does not only mean ignoring the other, but also the wisdom in Hegel is intertwined with the idea of the other and it develops by this interaction with others. However, the concept of freedom in childhood for recognizing the totality of the wisdom requires a reconstructive interpretation of Hegelian education.
- khosrow Bagheri - Meysam Sefidhkhosh
Keywords : Education; Hegel's Phenomenology; Bildung; Freedom; Teleology
This paper aims to deduct the concept of childhood presumed in the "Guide of the curriculum and educational and training activities of preschool" document and criticize it. For this purpose, hidden childhood images supposed in this document was explored. Then, these images were criticized. While in internal critique, inconsistencies were explained, in external critique, these images were examined from the view of Islamic theory of action. The method of inferring childhood images was transcendental analysis and content analysis. Also, whereas the internal critique has done was conceptual structure evaluation, the external critique has done by constant comparative analysis. After examining the document, seven childhood images were inferred: the child as an organism, the child as a mechanism, the child as the capital, the child as a pre-adult person, and the child as a potentially innocent person. The most important incompatibility that was found in the document emerged between the child as an organism and the child as a mechanism. In the external critique, the childhood images in Islamic Theory of Action were listed as "child as a pseudo-agent" and "child as a wildflower which relies on a caretaker". Our findings showed that the curriculum framework does not consider due attention to the young age of the plant and its dependence on the caretaker. Furthermore, the image of child as machine wasn't considered acceptable for humans, whether children or adults.
Narges Sajadieh - -
Keywords : childhood presumed; in Islamic Theory of Action; Iranian preschool curriculum
This study aims to develop a preventive model of deontological moral education with an emphasis on undesirable behaviors in Kant's view. The methods used are descriptive-analytical and inferential methods based on Frankena's reconstructed model. According to the results, regarding the two categories of virtue tasks in Kant's view, namely, one's perfect duties towards himself/herself and imperfect duties (one's imperfect duties towards oneself and duties of virtue towards others), three types of undesirable behavior were identified in this view: behaviors violating one's perfect duties towards oneself, behaviors violating one's imperfect duties towards others, and abandonment of virtue that would lead to vice. Prevention as a dimension of moral education in the expanse of undesirable behaviors in Kant's system of moral education also has its principles and particular strategies. In such a manner that the two principles of respect for one's dignity and respect for the dignity of others, which are derived from the principles of rationality and the end of being human in one's self, constitute the principles governing strategies to prevent the initial emergence of undesirable behaviors. These strategies, which are educational strategies, for all three types of undesirable behavior, consisting of the two main strategies of forming a good character and caring for and reinforcing the character, which plays an important role in achieving Kant's goal of moral education, which is to have maximum moral virtue. Also, the connection of these strategies with the fundamentals and principles in the preventive model are specified.
shahnaz shahriari neisiani - Reza Ali Nowrozi
Keywords : Deontological Ethics; Undesirable Behaviors; Moral Education; Preventive Model
The present study aims to explain the educational metaphor of the journey and its educational implications by a comparative study of two valuable educational works of "The Conference of the Birds" and "The Magic Mountain". Therefore, to achieve the research objectives, the methods of progressive inference method, and also the four-step comparative method are used and the findings of this study, in three main steps, include the analysis of the educational metaphor of the journey in "The Conference of the Birds" and "The Magic Mountain" from the perspective of seven intermediate mapping maps, including travelers or travelers, travel planners, travel destinations, travel stages, luggage, Routing and travel requirements, travel strategy, and also trips), the deduction of educational implications (principles and methods of education) in the two books, as well as the comparison of the previous two steps. Accordingly, the results of the research indicate that the educational metaphor of the journey, based on the selective basis for it, in which two bases of Islamic mysticism and humanist mysticism are introduced, are two separate paths for education that are defined by The abundance of commonality between these two paths is thought to be different for them; among them, the commonality of these two can be exemplified by the step-by-step process, the freedom and the ability to interpret and interrogate in traveler (student), and The distinction between these two can also be the place or origin of the cognition of human beings and their different ends, one that is infinite and divine, and the other is limited to the human soul.
- Fatemeh Vojdani - Fatemeh Sadat Bitarafan
Keywords : Educational Metaphor of Journey; The Conference of the Birds; The Magic Mountain; Islamic Mysticism; Humanism Mysticism ، ،
Authenticity is a concept with a broad background in modern culture, the introduction of which is relatively new in the intellectual and cultural space of our country. During this time, some books and articles on this concept have been translated and sometimes written. There are several readings of this concept. It can be considered individualistic and collectivist reading as two important readings in its philosophical background. The aim of the present study is, first, to describe Charles Taylor's reading as a justified reading of the phenomenon of originality, which considers both individual and social dimensions of authenticity. The research method in the part of expression and analyzing of concepts is conceptual analysis, and in drawing the implications, will be practical inference. At the end of this research, the implications of Taylor’s reading of authenticity in defining one of the pillars of education, i.e. the authentic teacher, are mentioned. The implications are "involving in the active form of authenticity", "involving in the passive form of authenticity", "involving in the dialectic of authentic teacher - authentic student" and "involving in social realities".
Keywords : Authenticity; Taylor; Teacher, Individualism, Collectivim

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